Jennifer Blake, M.D., from the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada in Ottawa, and colleagues reviewed evidence regarding osteoporosis screening, prevention, diagnosis, and management and updated the NAMS position statement.
The authors note that osteoporosis is especially prevalent in older postmenopausal women and increases the risk for fracture. Postmenopausal bone loss, which is linked to estrogen deficiency, is the main contributor to osteoporosis. Other risk factors include advanced age, genetics, smoking, thinness, and certain diseases and drugs that harm bone health. An evaluation of these risk factors can identify candidates for osteoporosis screening; recommending nonpharmacologic measures, including good nutrition, regular physical activity, and avoidance of smoking and excessive alcohol consumption, is appropriate for all postmenopausal women. Estrogen or other therapies are available to prevent bone loss for women at high risk for osteoporosis. The primary goal of therapy for women with osteoporosis and/or other risk factors for fracture is prevention of new fractures; this goal can be accomplished by a combination of nonpharmacologic measures, drugs to increase bone density and improve bone strength, and fall reduction strategies.
“This new position statement on osteoporosis provides clinicians with a practical guide to assessing and managing bone health in postmenopausal women and emphasizes an individualized approach with regular follow-up and adjustment based on changing clinical needs and patient preference,” Stephanie Faubion, M.D., medical director of NAMS, said in a statement.